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Install Scylla Monitoring Stack

This document describes the setup of Scylla Monitoring Stack, based on Scylla Prometheus API.

The Scylla Monitoring Stack needs to be installed on a dedicated server, external to the Scylla cluster. Make sure the Scylla Monitoring Stack server has access to the Scylla nodes so that it can pull the metrics over the Prometheus API.

For evaluation, you can run Scylla Monitoring Stack on any server (or laptop) that can handle three Docker instances at the same time. For production, see recommendations below.

Minimal Production System Recommendations

  • CPU - at least 2 physical cores/ 4vCPUs

  • Memory - 15GB+ DRAM and proportional to the number of cores.

  • Disk - persistent disk storage is proportional to the number of cores and Prometheus retention period (see the following section)

  • Network - 1GbE/10GbE preferred

Calculating Prometheus Minimal Disk Space requirement

Prometheus storage disk performance requirements: persistent block volume, for example an EC2 EBS volume

Prometheus storage disk volume requirement: proportional to the number of metrics it holds. The default retention period is 15 days, and the disk requirement is around 12MB per core per day, assuming the default scraping interval of 20s.

For example, when monitoring a 6 node Scylla cluster, each with 16 CPU cores (so a total of 96 cores), and using the default 15 days retention time, you will need minimal disk space for prometheus of

6 * 16 * 15 * 12MB ~ 16GB

To account for unexpected events, like replacing or adding nodes, we recommend allocating at least x2-3 space, in this case, ~50GB. Prometheus Storage disk does not have to be as fast as Scylla disk, and EC2 EBS, for example, is fast enough and provides HA out of the box.

Calculating Prometheus Minimal Memory Space requirement

Prometheus uses more memory when querying over a longer duration (e.g. looking at a dashboard on a week view would take more memory than on an hourly duration).

For Prometheus alone, you should have 60MB of memory per core in the cluster and it would use about 600MB of virtual memory per core. Because Prometheus is so memory demanding, it is a good idea to add swap, so queries with a longer duration would not crash the server.


  • Follow the Installation Guide and install docker on the Scylla Monitoring Stack Server. This server can be the same server that is running Scylla Manager. Alternatively, you can Deploy Scylla Monitoring Stack Without Docker .

  • If you have Prometheus or Grafana installed, confirm that your version is supported by the Scylla Monitoring Stack version you want to install. Refer to the table below.

Scylla Monitoring Stack Compatibility Matrix

Scylla Monitoring Stack Version

Prometheus Version

Grafana Version



















Docker Post Installation

Docker post installation guide can be found here


Avoid running the container as root.

To avoid running docker as root, you should add the user you are going to use for Scylla Monitoring Stack to the Docker group.

  1. Create the Docker group.

sudo groupadd docker
  1. Add your user to the docker group. Log out and log in again. The new group will be active for this user on next login.

sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
  1. Start Docker by calling:

sudo systemctl enable docker

Install Scylla Monitoring Stack


  1. Download and extract the latest Scylla Monitoring Stack binary;.

tar -xvf scylla-monitoring-3.9.2.tar.gz
cd scylla-monitoring-scylla-monitoring-3.9.2

As an alternative, you can clone and use the Git repository directly.

git clone
cd scylla-monitoring
git checkout branch-3.9
  1. Start Docker service if needed

sudo systemctl restart docker

Configure Scylla Monitoring Stack

To monitor the cluster, Scylla Monitoring Stack (Specifically the Prometheus Server) needs to know the IP of all the nodes and the IP of the Scylla Manager Server (if you are using Scylla Manager).

This configuration can be done from files, or using the Consul api.

Scylla Manager 2.0 and higher supports the Consul API.

Configure Scylla nodes from files

  1. Create prometheus/scylla_servers.yml with the targets’ IPs (the servers you wish to monitor).


It is important that the name listed in dc in the labels matches the datacenter names used by Scylla. Use the nodetool status command to validate the datacenter names used by Scylla.

For example:

- targets:
      cluster: cluster1
      dc: dc1


If you want to add your managed cluster to Scylla Monitoring Stack, add the IPs of the nodes as well as the cluster name you used when you added the cluster to Scylla Manager. It is important that the label cluster name and the cluster name in Scylla Manager match.

Using IPV6

To use IPv6 inside scylla_server.yml, add the IPv6 addresses with their square brackets and the port numbers.

For example:

- targets:
      - "[2600:1f18:26b1:3a00:fac8:118e:9199:67b9]:9180"
      - "[2600:1f18:26b1:3a00:fac8:118e:9199:67ba]:9180"
      cluster: cluster1
      dc: dc1


For IPv6 to work, both scylla Prometheus address and node_exporter’s –web.listen-address should be set to listen to an IPv6 address.

For general node information (disk, network, etc.) Scylla Monitoring Stack uses the node_exporter agent that runs on the same machine as Scylla does. By default, Prometheus will assume you have a node_exporter running on each machine. If this is not the case, for example if Scylla runs in a container and the node_exporter runs on the host, you can override the node_exporter targets configuration file by creating an additional file and passing it with the -n flag.


By default, there is no need to create node_exporter_server.yml. Prometheus will use the same targets it uses for Scylla and will assume you have a node_exporter running on each Scylla server.

If needed, you can set your own target file instead of the default prometheus/scylla_servers.yml, using the -s for Scylla target files.

For example:

./ -s my_scylla_server.yml -d prometheus_data

Mark the different Data Centers with Labels.

As can be seen in the examples, each target has its own set of labels to mark the cluster name and the data center (dc). You can add multiple targets in the same file for multiple clusters or multiple data centers.

You can use the script to generate the server file. For example:

./ -d myconf -dc dc1:, -dc dc2:,

This will generate a server file for four servers in two datacenters server and in dc1 and and in dc2.


The script can also use nodetool status to generate the server file using the -NS flag.

nodetool status | ./ -NS

2. Connect to Scylla Manager by creating prometheus/scylla_manager_servers.yml If you are using Scylla Manager, you should set its IP and port in this file.

You must add a scylla_manager_servers.yml file even if you are not using the manager. You can look at: prometheus/scylla_manager_servers.example.yml for an example.

For example if Scylla Manager host IP is prometheus/scylla_manager_servers.yml would look like:

# List Scylla Manager end points

- targets:

Note that you do not need to add labels to the Scylla Manager targets.

Configure Scylla nodes using Scylla-Manager Consul API

Scylla Manager 2.0 has a Consul like API.

When using the manager as the configuration source, there is no need to set any of the files. Instead you should set the scylla-manager IP from the command line using the -L flag.

For example:

./ -L


If you are running Scylla-Manager on the same host as Scylla-Monitoring you should use -l flag so that the localhost address will be available from within the container.

Connecting Scylla-Monitoring to Scylla

Scylla-Manager version 3.5 and higher can read tables from a Scylla node using CQL. If your Scylla cluster is user/password protected (See Scylla Authorization) you should assign a user and password for the Scylla-Grafana connection.

You can limit the user to read only, currently it only read table from the system keyspace.

To set a user/password edit grafana/provisioning/datasources/datasource.yaml.

Under scylla-datasource Uncomment the secureJsonData part and set the user and password.

Use an external directory for the Prometheus data directory

The -d flag, places the Prometheus data directory outside of its container and by doing that makes it persistent.


Specifying an external directory is important for systems in production. Without it, every restart of the monitoring stack will result in metrics lost.

If the directory provided does not exist, the script will create it. Note that you should avoid running docker as root, the script will use the user permissions that runs it. This is important if you want to place the prometheus directory not under the user path but somewhere else, for example /prometheus-data.

In that case, you need to create the directory before calling and make sure it has the right permissions for the user running the command.

Add Additional Prometheus Targets

There are situations where you would like to monitor additional targets using the Prometheus server of the monitoring stack. For example, an agent that runs on a firewall server. The Prometheus server reads its targets from a file, this file is generated from a template when calling To add your targets you would need to edit the template file before calling

The template file is either prometheus/prometheus.yml.template if Prometheus reads the Scylla target from file, or prometheus/prometheus.consul.yml.template if Prometheus gets Scylla targets from the manager Consul API.

You can add a target at the end of the file, for example, the following example would read from a server with IP address with a Prometheus port of 7000.

- job_name: 'myservice'
  # Override the global default and scrape targets from this job every 5 seconds.
  scrape_interval: 5s
    - targets:

Start and Stop Scylla Monitoring Stack


./ -d prometheus_data



Start a Specific Scylla Monitoring Stack Version

By default, will start with dashboards for the latest Scylla Open source version and the latest Scylla Manager version.

You can specify specific scylla version with the -v flag and Scylla Manager version with -M flag.

Multiple versions are supported. For example:

./ -v 2020.1,2019.1 -M 2.1 -d prometheus-data

will load the dashboards for Scylla Enterprise versions 2020.1 and 2019.1 and the dashboard for Scylla Manager 2.1

Accessing the localhost

The Prometheus server runs inside a Docker container if it needs to reach a target on the local- host: either Scylla or Scylla-Manager, it needs to use the host network and not the Docker network. To do that run ./ with the -l flag. For example:

./ -l -d prometheus-data

Configure rsyslog on each Scylla node

generates metrics and alerts from logs. To get full functionality, you should use rsyslog. Scylla Monitoring Stack will act as an additional rsyslog server. Scylla Monitoring Stack collects Scylla logs using Loki and generates metrics and alerts based on these logs. To use this feature, you need to direct logs from each Scylla node to Loki. The recommended method to do this is by using rsyslog, where Scylla Monitoring Stack (Loki) acts as an additional rsyslog server. .. note:: Scylla can send logs to more than one log collection service.

Prerequisite, make sure rsyslog is installed and running. If rsyslog is not installed, follow the installation instruction.

Add scylla’s rsyslog configuration file. Add the file: /etc/rsyslog.d/scylla.conf.

If Scylla Monitoring Stack IP is, the file should look like

if $programname ==  'scylla' then @@;RSYSLOG_SyslogProtocol23Format

Restart rsyslog for the configuration to take effect.

systemctl restart rsyslog

View Grafana Dashboards

Point your browser to your-server-ip:3000 By default, Grafana authentication is disabled. To enable it and set a password for user admin use the -a option.